International Scientific discussion concerning a possible form of bacteria that eats plastic.
A group of scientists in Japan have discovered a type of bacteria that can eat plastic, a finding that could help solve a problem fast growing plastic pollution in the world.
This particular battery is able to completely dissolve one of the most common types of plastic, polyethylene terephthalate famous or PET, for its acronym in English.
It is the type used for packaging bottled drinks, cosmetics and household cleaning products. In fact, it is the most common type of plastic and one that is destroying the lives of our oceans.
To find the bacteria come-plastic, Japanese research team from the Institute of Technology Kyoto and Keio University, collected 250 samples contaminated with PET, including sediment, soil and wastewater from a site recycling bottles plastic.
They then analyzed the samples to see if any microorganism was using PET and, eventually, found that only one species of bacteria was responsible for the degradation of PET, which they called bacteria Ideonella sakaiensis.
The findings, published in the journal Science, say Ideonella sakaiensis is able to break down the plastic by using two enzymes that hydrolyze the PET.
This discovery could actually be good news for the environment because potentially save the oceans and allow the breakdown of one of the materials that are destroying our planet imminently.
A report published by the central environmental protection ensures that only 14% of plastic containers reach the recycling process and that, if this continues, there will be more plastic than fish in the oceans by 2050.
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